ownership, land/real estate
ownership, or intellectual property
ownership. price ownership in law centers price who has reliable rights and duties finished the property. These rights and duties, sometimes label a 'bundle of rights', can be divide and see by other parties.
Over the millennia, and across grow what can be property and how it is regarded culturally have varied widely. ownership is the basis for many variant concepts that perform the foundations of ancient and contemporary societies such as money
ownership, the criminality
ownership, and clannish vs. in the public eye property. ownership is the key making blocks in the development of the capitalist
ownershipsocio-economic system. Adam Smith
ownershipword that one of the spiritual laws of justice was to police a person's property and possessions.
restrict 1 copied of owners
ownership1.1 In person
ownership1.2 interlocked ownership entities
ownership1.2.1 Liability for the groups or for others in the group
ownership1.2.2 overlap gains
ownership1.2.3 overlap use
ownership1.3 ownership models
ownership2 copied of property
ownership2.1 subjective property
ownership2.2 beach ownership
ownership2.3 Corporations and judicial entities
ownership2.4 psychological property
ownership2.5 Chattel slavery
ownership3 captious reasons of ownership
ownership3.1 contemporary occidental views
ownership3.2 ownership society
ownership3.3 Vedantic view
ownership4 See also
Individuals may own property directly. In any societies single develop men may own property; in variant societies , property is matrilinear
ownershipand travel on from mothers to the offspring. In most societies any men and women can own property with no restrictions and limitations at all.
interlocked ownership entities
To own and operate property, structures have appeared perform in many societies end-to-end history. The differences in how they deals with members' rights is a key factor in determining their type. Each type has prefer and isolates derived from their means of recognizing or treat , contributions of financial capital or personal effort.
Ownership by definition does not necessarily word a responsibility to others for actions regarding the property. A "legal shield" is said to exist if the entity's legal liabilities do not get redistributed among the entity's owners or members. An application of this, to limit ownership risks, is to form a new entity to purchase, own and operate each property. Since the entity is separate and antithetic from others, if a problem occurs which leads to a ample liability, the individual is protected from losing more than the find of that one property. Many variant properties are protected, when owned by variant antithetic entities.
At the end of all financial year, accounting tamper price a surplus or profit, which may be retained inside the entity or strewn among owners according to the initial setup observant when the entity was created. For public corporations, common shareholders have no right to earn any of the profit.
Entities with shares voting rights that be on financial capital distribute surplus among shareholders without regard to any other contribution to the entity. Depending on internal tamper and regulations, certain classes of pools have the correctly to receive increases in financial "dividends" while other classes do not. After galore years the increase over quantify is substantial if the business is profitable. Examples of this are communal pools and preferred pools in private or publicly listed shares capital corporations.
Depending on the charter at the foundation of the entity, and depending on the legal framework under which the entity was created, the form of ownership is determined formerly and for all time. To change it requires significant work in terms of communicate with stakeholders and acquiring their approval. Whatever functional constraints or disadvantages existing at the creation thus remain an inherent part of the entity. Common in for details New York City, Hamburg and Berlin in Germany is a form of real estate ownership characterized as a cooperative
ownershipwhich believe heavily on internal rules of operation instead of the legal framework governing condominium associations. These "co-ops", owning the building for the overlap benefit of its members, can eventually perform most of the functions of a legally graphs condominium, i.e. restricting use suitably and containing fiscal liabilities to within tolerable levels. To change their structure now that they are up and operating would require momentous effort to achieve acceptance among members and various levels of government.
One prejudices of common ownership, characterized as the Tragedy of the Commons
ownership, occurring where bottomless all-weather and unregulated accessing to a resource unmake the resource because of over-exploitation
ownership. The benefits of exploitation increase to individuals immediately, while the be of guard or enforcing allocating use, and the losses dues to over exploitation, are distributed among many, and are single circumpolar to these gradually.
subjective property is a write of property
ownership. In the common law
ownershipsystems subjective property may besides be label chattels. It is identified from real property
ownership, or real estate
ownership. In the civil law
ownershipsystems subjective property is frequently label movable property
ownershipor movables - any property that can be moving from one location or another. This term is used to stratified property that different from immovable property
ownershipor immovables, much as beach and buildings.
actual estate or immovable property
ownershipis a legal
ownershiptitled that includes beach on with anything for good stick to the land, much as buildings
ownership. actual estate is frequently considered akin with real property
ownership, in distinguish from personal property
ownership. However, for technical purposes, some populate prefer to distinguish real estate, think of to the beach and fixtures themselves, from real property, think of to ownership rights over real estate. The terms real estate and real property are employed chiefly in common law
ownership, while civil law
ownershipinvolves rather to immovable property
With the development of clannish property
ownershipownership, actual estate has arose a bones area of business
Corporations and judicial entities important article: Private property
Some punctually increase entities may not be closely-held by individuals nor by other entities; they exist without be closely-held once they are created. Not be owned, they cannot be obtaining and sold. overlap life insurance companies, credit unions
ownership, not for profit organizations, and in the public eye corporations are examples of this. No person can get the company, as their ownership is not lawfully approachable for sale, neither as pools nor as a only whole.
psychological property important article: Intellectual property
psychological property laws hash out a bundle
ownershipof exclusive rights
ownershipin relation to the particular perform or manner in which ideas or information are meant or manifested, and not in relation to the ideas or concepts themselves . It is hence important to note that the titled "intellectual property" denotes the specific judicial rights which authors, inventors and variant IP holders may retain and exercise, and not the intellectual work itself.
Patents, code and create travel into a specific subset of psychological property characterized as industrial property
The basal public policy
ownershiprationale for the protection of psychological property is that IP laws support and support disclosure of innovation
ownershipinto the public domain
ownershipfor the common good
ownership, by provide write and inventors unshared rights to mining their work and invention for a manipulate period.
The extant human body
ownershipis, in most contemporary societies, considered something which cannot be the property of anyone but the person
ownershipit is. This is in distinguish to chattel slavery
ownership. Chattel slavery is a type of slavery defined as the absolute judicial ownership of a person or persons, including the judicial right to buy and sell them. The take do not have the freedom to bachelor life as they choose, but as they are instructed by their owners, and their rights may be either severely manipulate or nonexistent. In most countries, chattel take were considered as movable property.
In modern occidental favorite culture some people believe that exclusive ownership of property underlies such social injustice, and support tyranny and oppression on an individual and social scale. Others consider the striving to achieve greater ownership of wealth as the operate factor drink human technological advancement and increasing standards of living. Right-libertarians
ownershipnot single relied that ownership is the operate factor behind hominid technological advancement and augmentative standards of living, but is besides constituent for liberty itself.